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President Obama’s Farewell Address: Full Video and phd thesis services, Text. President Obama delivered his farewell address in cosmological essay, Chicago on Tuesday. The following is the complete transcript, as provided by the Federal News Service. It’s good to be home! Thank you, everybody! Thank you so much, thank you. Thank you.
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The answer to people’s hopes and, because of you, by almost every measure, America is a better, stronger place than it was when we started. In 10 days the film dissertation prospectus, world will witness a hallmark of our democracy. No, no, no, no, no. The peaceful transfer of power from one freely-elected President to the next. I committed to President-Elect Trump that my administration would ensure the writing services, smoothest possible transition, just as President Bush did for me.
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Our economy doesn’t work as well or grow as fast when a few prosper at the expense of a growing middle class, and ladders for folks who want to get into the middle class. That’s the economic argument. But stark inequality is also corrosive to our democratic idea. On Edmund In King Lear? While the top 1 percent has amassed a bigger share of wealth and income, too many of our families in inner cities and in rural counties have been left behind. The laid off factory worker, the waitress or health care worker who’s just barely getting by and struggling to pay the bills. Writing? Convinced that the game is thesis lesson fixed against them. That their government only serves the services, interest of the powerful. That’s a recipe for more cynicism and polarization in our politics. Now there’re no quick fixes to this long-term trend. Studies Prospectus? I agree, our trade should be fair and not just free.
But the next wave of economic dislocations won’t come from overseas. It will come from the relentless pace of phd thesis writing services automation that makes a lot of good middle class jobs obsolete. And so we’re going to have to forge a new social compact to guarantee all our kids the descartes cosmological argument essay, education they need. To give workers the power. . to unionize for better wages. To update the social safety net to reflect the way we live now. And make more reforms to the tax code so corporations and the individuals who reap the most from this new economy don’t avoid their obligations to the country that’s made their very success possible. We can argue about how to best achieve these goals. But we can’t be complacent about the goals themselves.
For if we don’t create opportunity for all people, the disaffection and division that has stalled our progress will only sharpen in years to come. There’s a second threat to our democracy. And this one is as old as our nation itself. After my election there was talk of a post-racial America. Phd Thesis Writing Services? And such a vision, however well intended, was never realistic. Essays Disadvantages Of Money? Race remains a potent. . and often divisive force in writing, our society. Now I’ve lived long enough to film studies dissertation prospectus, know that race relations are better than they were 10 or 20 or 30 years ago, no matter what some folks say. You can see it not just in statistics. You see it in the attitudes of young Americans across the political spectrum. But we’re not where we need to be.
And all of us have more work to writing services, do. If every economic issue is framed as a struggle between a hardworking white middle class and an undeserving minority, then workers of all shades are going to be left fighting for scraps while the wealthy withdraw further into their private enclaves. If we’re unwilling to invest in film studies dissertation prospectus, the children of immigrants, just because they don’t look like us, we will diminish the prospects of our own children — because those brown kids will represent a larger and larger share of America’s workforce. And we have shown that our economy doesn’t have to phd thesis writing, be a zero-sum game. Last year, incomes rose for descartes argument essay, all races, all age groups, for men and for women. So if we’re going to be serious about phd thesis race going forward, we need to uphold laws against discrimination — in thesis statement, hiring, and in housing, and in education, and in the criminal justice system. That is what our Constitution and highest ideals require.
But laws alone won’t be enough. Hearts must change. Phd Thesis Writing? It won’t change overnight. Social attitudes oftentimes take generations to change. But if our democracy is to work the essays on edmund lear, way it should in this increasingly diverse nation, then each one of us need to try to heed the advice of a great character in American fiction, Atticus Finch, who said “You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view, until you climb into his skin and walk around in phd thesis writing services, it.” For blacks and other minority groups, that means tying our own very real struggles for justice to the challenges that a lot of statement people in this country face. Writing? Not only the essays disadvantages of money, refugee or the immigrant or the rural poor or the transgender American, but also the middle-aged white guy who from the writing services, outside may seem like he’s got all the advantages, but has seen his world upended by economic, and cultural, and technological change. We have to pay attention and listen.
For white Americans, it means acknowledging that the effects of slavery and Jim Crow didn’t suddenly vanish in the ’60s; that when minority groups voice discontent, they’re not just engaging in reverse racism or practicing political correctness; when they wage peaceful protest, they’re not demanding special treatment, but the equal treatment that our founders promised. For native-born Americans, it means reminding ourselves that the stereotypes about immigrants today were said, almost word for word, about the Irish, and Italians, and Poles, who it was said were going to lear, destroy the fundamental character of America. And as it turned out, America wasn’t weakened by the presence of these newcomers; these newcomers embraced this nation’s creed, and phd thesis services, this nation was strengthened. So regardless of the station we occupy; we all have to try harder; we all have to start with the essays, premise that each of our fellow citizens loves this country just as much as we do; that they value hard work and family just like we do; that their children are just as curious and hopeful and services, worthy of essays on wwi love as our own. And that’s not easy to do. For too many of us it’s become safer to phd thesis writing, retreat into eecs phd dissertation our own bubbles, whether in our neighborhoods, or on phd thesis writing, college campuses, or places of descartes argument worship, or especially our social media feeds, surrounded by people who look like us and share the same political outlook and never challenge our assumptions. In the rise of writing naked partisanship and increasing economic and regional stratification, the splintering of phd dissertation our media into a channel for every taste, all this makes this great sorting seem natural, even inevitable.
And increasingly we become so secure in our bubbles that we start accepting only phd thesis writing services information, whether it’s true or not, that fits our opinions, instead of basing our opinions on the evidence that is out there. And this trend represents a third threat to on edmund, our democracy. Look, politics is phd thesis writing a battle of descartes ideas. That’s how our democracy was designed. In the course of a healthy debate, we prioritize different goals, and the different means of reaching them. But without some common baseline of facts, without a willingness to admit new information and phd thesis writing, concede that your opponent might be making a fair point, and that science and reason matter, then we’re going to keep talking past each other. And we’ll make common ground and compromise impossible.
And isn’t that part of what so often makes politics dispiriting? How can elected officials rage about deficits when we propose to spend money on pre-school for kids, but not when we’re cutting taxes for corporations? How do we excuse ethical lapses in our own party, but pounce when the other party does the of money, same thing? It’s not just dishonest, it’s selective sorting of the facts. It’s self-defeating because, as my mom used to services, tell me, reality has a way of catching up with you.
Take the eecs, challenge of climate change. In just eight years we’ve halved our dependence on foreign oil, we’ve doubled our renewable energy, we’ve led the world to phd thesis writing services, an agreement that (at) the promise to save this planet. But without bolder action, our children won’t have time to debate the existence of climate change. They’ll be busy dealing with its effects. More environmental disasters, more economic disruptions, waves of climate refugees seeking sanctuary.
Now we can and should argue about the film dissertation, best approach to solve the problem. Phd Thesis Services? But to simply deny the problem not only betrays future generations, it betrays the essential spirit of this country, the essential spirit of innovation and practical problem-solving that guided our founders. It is that spirit — it is that spirit born of the enlightenment that made us an disadvantages economic powerhouse. The spirit that took flight at writing, Kitty Hawk and argument, Cape Canaveral, the spirit that cures disease and put a computer in every pocket, it’s that spirit. A faith in reason and enterprise, and phd thesis writing services, the primacy of right over might, that allowed us to resist the lure of fascism and tyranny during the Great Depression, that allowed us to build a post-World War II order with other democracies. An order based not just on military power or national affiliations, but built on principles, the rule of law, human rights, freedom of religion and speech and assembly and an independent press. That order is now being challenged. First by violent fanatics who claim to speak for Islam. More recently by autocrats in foreign capitals who seek free markets in essays disadvantages of money, open democracies and civil society itself as a threat to their power.
The peril each poses to our democracy is more far reaching than a car bomb or a missile. They represent the fear of change. The fear of services people who look or speak or pray differently. A contempt for the rule of law that holds leaders accountable. Essays In King? An intolerance of dissent and free thought. A belief that the sword or the gun or the bomb or the propaganda machine is the ultimate arbiter of what’s true and what’s right. Because of the writing services, extraordinary courage of our men and women in uniform. Because of our intelligence officers and law enforcement and disadvantages of money, diplomats who support our troops. . no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and executed an attack on our homeland these past eight years. . Boston and phd thesis writing, Orlando and descartes cosmological argument essay, San Bernardino and Fort Hood remind us of how dangerous radicalization can be, our law enforcement agencies are more effective and vigilant than ever. We have taken out tens of thousands of terrorists, including Bin Laden.
The global coalition we’re leading against ISIL has taken out their leaders and taken away about half their territory. ISIL will be destroyed. And no one who threatens America will ever be safe. And all who serve or have served — it has been the honor of phd thesis writing services my lifetime to essays on wwi, be your commander-in-chief. And we all owe you a deep debt of gratitude. But, protecting our way of life, that’s not just the job of our military. Democracy can buckle when it gives into fear. So just as we as citizens must remain vigilant against external aggression, we must guard against a weakening of the phd thesis writing services, values that make us who we are. And that’s why for the past eight years I’ve worked to put the fight against terrorism on a firmer legal footing. That’s why we’ve ended torture, worked to close Gitmo, reformed our laws governing surveillance to protect privacy and statement, civil liberties.
That’s why I reject discrimination against phd thesis Muslim Americans. . who are just as patriotic as we are. That’s why we cannot withdraw. That’s why we cannot withdraw from big global fights to expand democracy and human rights and women’s rights and LGBT rights. No matter how imperfect our efforts, no matter how expedient ignoring such values may seem, that’s part of defending America. Studies Dissertation Prospectus? For the fight against extremism and intolerance and sectarianism and writing services, chauvinism are of a piece with the fight against disadvantages of money authoritarianism and phd thesis, nationalist aggression. In King Lear? If the scope of freedom and respect for the rule of law shrinks around the services, world, the likelihood of war within and between nations increases, and our own freedoms will eventually be threatened. So let’s be vigilant, but not afraid. ISIL will try to descartes cosmological argument essay, kill innocent people. But they cannot defeat America unless we betray our Constitution and our principles in phd thesis services, the fight.
Rivals like Russia or China cannot match our influence around the world — unless we give up what we stand for, and turn ourselves into just another big country that bullies smaller neighbors. Which brings me to my final point — our democracy is threatened whenever we take it for granted. All of phd dissertation us, regardless of party, should be throwing ourselves into the task of rebuilding our democratic institutions. When voting rates in phd thesis writing, America are some of the lowest among advanced democracies, we should be making it easier, not harder, to eecs phd dissertation, vote. When trust in our institutions is low, we should reduce the corrosive influence of money in our politics, and phd thesis writing, insist on descartes argument, the principles of transparency and ethics in phd thesis, public service.
When Congress is dysfunctional, we should draw our districts to film studies prospectus, encourage politicians to cater to common sense and not rigid extremes. But remember, none of this happens on its own. Phd Thesis? All of this depends on our participation; on thesis lesson, each of us accepting the responsibility of citizenship, regardless of which way the pendulum of power happens to be swinging. Our Constitution is a remarkable, beautiful gift. Phd Thesis? But it’s really just a piece of parchment. It has no power on its own.
We, the people, give it power. We, the disadvantages, people, give it meaning — with our participation, and with the services, choices that we make and the alliances that we forge. Whether or not we stand up for our freedoms. Essays Disadvantages? Whether or not we respect and services, enforce the rule of law, that’s up to us. America is no fragile thing.
But the gains of our long journey to freedom are not assured. In his own farewell address, George Washington wrote that self-government is the underpinning of our safety, prosperity, and liberty, but “from different causes and from different quarters much pains will be taken. to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth.” And so we have to preserve this truth with “jealous anxiety;” that we should reject “the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to essays on wwi, enfeeble the sacred ties” that make us one. America, we weaken those ties when we allow our political dialogue to become so corrosive that people of good character aren’t even willing to enter into public service. So coarse with rancor that Americans with whom we disagree are seen, not just as misguided, but as malevolent.
We weaken those ties when we define some of us as more American than others. When we write off the whole system as inevitably corrupt. And when we sit back and blame the services, leaders we elect without examining our own role in film studies, electing them. It falls to each of us to be those anxious, jealous guardians of services our democracy. Embrace the joyous task we have been given to continually try to lesson, improve this great nation of ours because, for all our outward differences, we in fact all share the same proud type, the most important office in a democracy, citizen. Citizen. So, you see, that’s what our democracy demands. Phd Thesis Services? It needs you. Not just when there’s an election, not just when you own narrow interest is at stake, but over the full span of a lifetime. Essays Of Money? If you’re tired of arguing with strangers on the Internet, try talking with one of them in real life.
If something needs fixing, then lace up your shoes and do some organizing. If you’re disappointed by your elected officials, grab a clip board, get some signatures, and run for office yourself. Show up, dive in, stay at writing services, it. Disadvantages Of Money? Sometimes you’ll win, sometimes you’ll lose. Presuming a reservoir in goodness, that can be a risk. And there will be times when the process will disappoint you. But for those of us fortunate enough to have been part of this one and to see it up close, let me tell you, it can energize and phd thesis services, inspire. And more often than not, your faith in America and in Americans will be confirmed. Statement Lesson? Mine sure has been.
Over the course of these eight years, I’ve seen the hopeful faces of young graduates and our newest military officers. I have mourned with grieving families searching for answers, and found grace in a Charleston church. I’ve seen our scientists help a paralyzed man regain his sense of touch. I’ve seen Wounded Warriors who at points were given up for phd thesis writing services, dead walk again. I’ve seen our doctors and studies dissertation, volunteers rebuild after earthquakes and phd thesis services, stop pandemics in their tracks.
I’ve seen the youngest of essays lear children remind us through their actions and through their generosity of writing our obligations to eecs phd dissertation, care for refugees or work for peace and, above all, to look out for phd thesis, each other. So that faith that I placed all those years ago, not far from here, in argument, the power of ordinary Americans to bring about change, that faith has been rewarded in ways I could not have possibly imagined. And I hope your faith has too. Some of you here tonight or watching at phd thesis writing, home, you were there with us in 2004 and essays on wwi, 2008, 2012. Maybe you still can’t believe we pulled this whole thing off. Let me tell you, you’re not the only ones. Michelle LaVaughn Robinson of the phd thesis writing services, South Side. . for the past 25 years you have not only been my wife and mother of my children, you have been my best friend. You took on essays on wwi, a role you didn’t ask for. And you made it your own with grace and with grit and phd thesis writing, with style, and good humor. You made the White House a place that belongs to everybody.
And a new generation sets its sights higher because it has you as a role model. You have made me proud, and you have made the country proud. Malia and Sasha. . under the strangest of disadvantages of money circumstances you have become two amazing young women. You are smart and you are beautiful.
But more importantly, you are kind and you are thoughtful and you are full of passion. . you wore the burden of years in the spotlight so easily. Of all that I have done in services, my life, I am most proud to be your dad. . the scrappy kid from Scranton. . who became Delaware’s favorite son. You were the first decision I made as a nominee, and it was the disadvantages, best. Not just because you have been a great vice president, but because in the bargain I gained a brother. And we love you and Jill like family.
And your friendship has been one of the great joys of our lives. To my remarkable staff, for eight years, and for writing services, some of you a whole lot more, I have drawn from eecs your energy. And every day I try to reflect back what you displayed. Heart and writing, character. And idealism. I’ve watched you grow up, get married, have kids, start incredible new journeys of your own. Even when times got tough and argument, frustrating, you never let Washington get the better of you. You guarded against cynicism. And the only thing that makes me prouder than all the good that we’ve done is the writing, thought of all the amazing things that you are going to achieve from lesson here. And to all of you out there — every organizer who moved to an unfamiliar town, every kind family who welcomed them in, every volunteer who knocked on doors, every young person who cast a ballot for phd thesis services, the first time, every American who lived and breathed the hard work of descartes cosmological essay change — you are the best supporters and organizers anybody could ever hope for, and I will forever be grateful.
Because you did change the world. And that’s why I leave this stage tonight even more optimistic about this country than when we started. Because I know our work has not only helped so many Americans; it has inspired so many Americans — especially so many young people out there — to believe that you can make a difference; to hitch your wagon to something bigger than yourselves. Let me tell you, this generation coming up — unselfish, altruistic, creative, patriotic — I’ve seen you in every corner of the country. You believe in phd thesis writing services, a fair, and statement lesson, just, and inclusive America; you know that constant change has been America’s hallmark, that it’s not something to fear but something to embrace, you are willing to phd thesis writing services, carry this hard work of democracy forward. You’ll soon outnumber any of us, and I believe as a result the future is in good hands. My fellow Americans, it has been the honor of my life to serve you.
I won’t stop; in descartes, fact, I will be right there with you, as a citizen, for phd thesis writing, all my remaining days. Thesis? But for now, whether you are young or whether you’re young at heart, I do have one final ask of you as your president — the services, same thing I asked when you took a chance on me eight years ago. I am asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about eecs phd dissertation change — but in yours. I am asking you to hold fast to that faith written into our founding documents; that idea whispered by services slaves and abolitionists; that spirit sung by immigrants and essays on wwi, homesteaders and those who marched for justice; that creed reaffirmed by those who planted flags from foreign battlefields to the surface of the moon; a creed at phd thesis services, the core of every American whose story is not yet written:
Thank you. God bless you. And may God continue to bless the United States of America. Essays On Wwi? Thank you. Follow The New York Times’s politics and phd thesis writing services, Washington coverage on Facebook and in king, Twitter, and sign up for the First Draft politics newsletter. More In PoliticsMore In U.S. Politics. Democrats, Seeking to Disavow Weinstein, Plan to Give His Donations to Charity.
Senators Patrick J. Phd Thesis Writing? Leahy, Richard Blumenthal, Martin Heinrich and Elizabeth Warren each said on Thursday they would transfer money they had received from descartes cosmological essay Mr. Weinstein to charity. Even if he stays, the secretary of state has become a wounded figure, his credibility diminished by his rift with the services, president. After resisting any gun legislation for decades, Republican lawmakers say they will examine the kits used in eecs, Las Vegas to turn rifles into rapid-firing weapons.
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cmmi resume Welcome to our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to writing be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of essays, research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for phd thesis services answers to basic, frequently asked questions about eecs phd dissertation CMMI and the process of writing, having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by supposed experts in CMMI.
Your feedback is therefore very important to us. If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to thesis statement send them to writing us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for studies additional information, the source material for phd thesis writing many of the answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs.
Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for descartes essay Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in phd thesis writing services, ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. The CMMI is a framework for descartes cosmological argument essay business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for phd thesis writing building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to essays lear guide thinking and writing analysis on how to eecs phd dissertation build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is phd thesis services, used to build process improvement systems.
There are currently three flavors of CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for descartes cosmological Development -- i.e., DEV . Phd Thesis Writing! It has been around (in one version or another) for thesis statement lesson roughly 10 years and has been the subject of much energy for phd thesis services over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for thesis statement lesson assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from phd thesis services others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.
NONE of the constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. Cosmological! The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of CMMIs are to improve upon phd thesis, the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to film dissertation define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to phd thesis explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the descartes cosmological essay, process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to phd thesis services another is salvation from despair. Another way to essays on wwi look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).
To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to phd thesis services a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is eecs phd dissertation, meant to services help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and predictably deliver the products, services, and sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to thesis lesson pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to phd thesis services see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of studies prospectus, insights and phd thesis activities for improvement. Phd Dissertation! It's a place to start, not a final destination.
CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to writing achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is lesson, just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of reality, and like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at phd thesis, least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. Descartes Cosmological! As a model, what CMMI lacks is phd thesis, context. Specifically, the phd dissertation, context of the organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement.
Together with the organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of phd thesis services, each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to studies dissertation prospectus help them improve their operational performance. At the risk of seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about phd thesis what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. Eecs! In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to writing services be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to see from film prospectus your operations?
SO, is phd thesis, CMMI right for eecs you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the writing, world into two groups: those who develop wares and eecs phd dissertation provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in the form of a pre-qualifier in some RFP.
As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in writing, this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for why your company might not need to mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). While looking at CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from statement scratch to phd thesis services a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to dissertation prospectus pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.
A couple of exceptions to this rule of phd thesis, thumb would be (a) if you are entering into essays of money the world of custom wares for phd thesis the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by statement lesson, the government. Governments have an writing services all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only thesis statement, looks like the phd thesis services, original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to essays on wwi the Feds or their Primes) then the question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to writing get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to thesis statement lesson *how* you do business. Services! But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for essays lear a while before the services, ROI from essays in king lear CMMI will bring home the bacon. It usually takes a number of months. Having said that.
If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of phd thesis writing services, insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero. Zip. Nada. Rien. Descartes Argument! Nil.
Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in phd thesis writing, CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in thesis statement, CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there.
Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. Phd Thesis! That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is essays in king, so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the phd thesis, present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to film studies prospectus CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and phd thesis disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at any point and time in an effort and essays on wwi during the writing services, course of statement, doing the work. Irrespective of writing services, where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to essays on wwi them) are the writing services, activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to thesis statement business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.
Besides, we never answered the question. . in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in services, v1.1, and also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of film studies, CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for services acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. CMMI for Acquisition and CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the thesis lesson, three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Services share the phd thesis services, Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.
The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and film studies dissertation Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to the constellation. Writing! More on that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for cosmological essay pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of phd thesis writing services, his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and essays on edmund in king lear SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in phd thesis, order of essays of money, chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the PAs are listed in alphabetical order by acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in brackets '' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.
We're also listing the purpose statement of writing services, each one. We should also note that in process area names, purpose statements, and disadvantages throughout the text, in CMMI for Services , the phd thesis services, notion of project has largely been replaced with the disadvantages, notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and services so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of a project in the context of service work. While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for eecs phd dissertation project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the question of why not merely replace work for project in all three constellations? In the writing services, attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in essays on wwi, fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project.
Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in services, their respective contexts made sense in a broader effort to reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) is to descartes cosmological identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Phd Thesis Writing! Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the descartes cosmological argument, integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and phd thesis writing configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria.
Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of lear, Measurement and services Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to studies dissertation support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]
The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the organization's processes and process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of writing, Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to thesis lesson proactively manage the phd thesis writing, organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]
The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of dissertation, standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to phd thesis writing services quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of project Monitoring and prospectus Control (PMC) is to provide an understanding of the services, ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Essays! Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Project Planning (PP) is to establish and maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]
The purpose of Process and phd thesis services Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and essays of money associated work products. Phd Thesis! Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of thesis, Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and writing work products. Argument Essay! Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the writing, life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on eecs phd dissertation achieving objectives.
Shared by CMMI for Development and writing services CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the acquisition of on edmund in king, products from phd thesis services suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the product. Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of thesis, Requirements Development (RD) is to produce and analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to phd thesis writing requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.
Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Acquisition.
The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the supplier and the acquirer perform according to the terms of the of money, supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to develop and analyze customer and phd thesis writing contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution.
Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to eecs phd dissertation prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the product or service, and phd thesis services establish and film studies maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for writing services Services. The purpose of disadvantages, Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of phd thesis, service incidents as appropriate.
Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and maintain plans to ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of phd dissertation, Service System Transition (SST) is to deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]
The purpose of studies, Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and phd thesis Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over argument essay this idea of pathways through an improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is phd thesis writing, each process made up of?
A: Each process area is made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of descartes argument essay, informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Services! Which then makes the two practices to also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at cosmological, least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at least two Specific Practices (SPs).
The SPs in any PA are unique to phd thesis writing services that PA, whereas, other than the essays on wwi, name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on phd thesis writing which model representation (see the previous question) the phd dissertation, organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from PA to PA. Readers are well-advised to focus on phd thesis the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. On Edmund! If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the phd thesis, model is organized.
Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the film studies, minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and writing owners to help projects be successful and the organization to essays be profitable. They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to writing services incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of what they deliver and their profits are likely to disadvantages of money be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. They then proceed to do a poor job of writing services, planning the level of effort and dependencies required to complete the work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to essays on edmund lear specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.
Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and writing development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. Film Studies! The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the phd thesis, successes and of money failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the phd thesis writing, materially core work of the organization, and essays disadvantages of money put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and phd thesis effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects.
These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the most effective approaches to meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in the middle of execution. Descartes Cosmological Essay! ML3 organizations use data and metrics to help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at phd thesis services, asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at argument essay, the same basic objects. The main difference is simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an phd thesis writing services organization can take.
That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on lesson the original idea behind the CMM for writing services Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to of money maturing their processes towards higher and higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance.
From there, the next staging of PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the writing services, foundational PAs and phd dissertation begin to affect process improvement changes from writing services a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. In King! While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the phd thesis services, maturity and capability to manage processes by eecs, numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to writing optimize and continuously improve process across the descartes argument, board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of phd thesis writing, optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the essays on wwi, effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the phd thesis writing services, process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in statement lesson, the context of CMMI is incomplete. However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.
What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the basics. A Maturity Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and services a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the eecs phd dissertation, organization uses the writing, Continuous Representation of the descartes argument essay, CMMI. As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an organization, when appraised, was found to writing services be satisfying the cosmological, goals required by process areas in that level (X). Phd Thesis Writing Services! Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas. Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals.
Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and thesis lesson Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for Development requires the phd thesis writing, ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of thesis lesson, them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and phd thesis writing Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of descartes argument essay, them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and phd thesis services Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the phd dissertation, ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and writing services Causal Analysis and disadvantages of money Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for phd thesis writing services their respective disciplines. In King Lear! You can refer back to this question to fill in phd thesis writing, the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and studies prospectus CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the same across all three constellations.
Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the phd thesis services, Continuous representation is essays disadvantages, tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. Phd Thesis Writing Services! As we noted earlier, there are no collections of eecs phd dissertation, PAs in Capability Levels as there are in phd thesis, Maturity Levels or the staged representation. Therefore, it is studies prospectus, far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by phd thesis services, PA. An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the organization is essays on edmund in king, capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to phd thesis writing Achieve Specific Goals
Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for essays on edmund in king lear the respective process area(s). What are the Generic Goals?
a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and GG3 with CL3.
So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and phd thesis writing services GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. Descartes Cosmological Argument! It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about phd thesis how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and control the processes by, and how you go about continuously improving upon them.
What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the informative materials in phd dissertation, the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and phd thesis services 5:
Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and essays on wwi Causal Analysis and Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and phd thesis writing predictive analysis. the only required and essays on wwi expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at the organizations appraised. Phd Thesis Writing! In fact, the opposite was found to dissertation be true. That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone.
The matter was not one of ethics, it was one of understanding the concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to phd thesis writing generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on essays of money foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of services, process areas specifically chosen to help improve a given business need. Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the purchasing of prospectus, products, services and/or solutions. Phd Thesis Services! Services: For improving delivery of services and essays on edmund creation of service systems (say, to operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). There are 16 of the process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in phd thesis writing, all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for studies the DEV constellation only.
The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into that, let's set the record straight. Services! You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on essays on edmund lear is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to help.
AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only phd thesis services, never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the important and in king lear necessary activities to operate the business! Where in phd thesis writing services, our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk.
EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of dissertation prospectus, a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. EVERY.ONE. Writing Services! You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and essays disadvantages of money useful to your particular needs, but there is phd thesis writing services, a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to essays in king *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is phd thesis writing, also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to cruel and eecs unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in its own vacuum, without any connection to services other processes (or to reality, for studies dissertation that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to phd thesis writing be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:
Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on essays in king lear what the processes should be. Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the cost of compliance from people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of phd thesis, CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in phd dissertation, such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the phd thesis, model, and Being an expert process auditor, and not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.
However, one need not prove themselves an expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the essays on wwi, way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in CMMI, but they're really only experts in the model's text and in appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in phd thesis writing, process improvement or performance excellence , in general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by lesson, someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true.
The jury is still out on whether it's worse to writing be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in essays on wwi, agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and phd thesis not on thesis improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Phd Thesis! Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the thesis, other approach really is. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Not so that our approach looks better, and eecs phd dissertation not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to phd thesis CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to studies prospectus be prepared to recognize the signs of doom and be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for phd thesis writing services whom the blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and essays on wwi we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to phd thesis share certain characteristics including any number of the film studies, following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an actual, justifiable reason for writing services their approach. Lesson! In fact, in these cases, the phd thesis services, effect is dissertation prospectus, actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in phd thesis writing services, most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.
This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and in king don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for writing services the inter-relatedness of the essays, process areas to one another, or of the writing services, generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in of money, the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the phd thesis writing, opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens. Without a process subject-matter expert on essays hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and phd thesis writing not by on edmund in king lear, personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an organization doesn't have the luxury of process specialists to phd thesis services do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to follow the eecs phd dissertation, processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to see when/where/how to implement the process activities on actual tasks at hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to phd thesis writing do CMMI *to* the essays disadvantages, organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to writing complete process-oriented activities.
Therein lies the argument, greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Instead of process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of essays on wwi, real work. Phd Thesis Services! And yet, this seems to be the prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent? That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and so they attempt to on edmund make it a prescription. Auditing and appraising to writing a prescription is far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and essays on wwi appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the phd thesis writing, lowest common denominator of companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and phd dissertation are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the morale and productivity of their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!
So what's the phd thesis services, reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to essays on wwi be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the phd thesis writing, organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Note the use of designed into. This is crucial.
This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the essays on wwi, operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at work for the organization. Then, activities that achieve the goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and phd thesis writing services most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. The results were even more grim with respect to cosmological argument essay improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and other operations. There is phd thesis, hope. Besides the dissertation, reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to phd thesis be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to make the processes happen. Instead, the practices that achieve the goals of the thesis statement, processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the writing services, organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the practices happening.
One other attribute of in king, our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. Phd Thesis Writing! The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for essay each process area for each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an phd thesis writing epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for essays on wwi performing each process without having to create an entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for performing a process is part of phd thesis writing services, institutionalizing a managed process, which is what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. Phd Dissertation! If not re-inventing the planning piece for each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for the remainder of the phd thesis, practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to phd dissertation account for the capabilities of having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an writing services organization wants to disadvantages improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in writing, process improvement artifacts that appear where the real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to go searching for proof that the essays on wwi, process was performed.
For what it's worth, this approach is services, what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in statement lesson, the book? Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is mostly commentary.
Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to get the most improvement out of and phd thesis services ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about essays on edmund in king lear what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for the model, not for process improvement.
That's why CMMI is just *a* model for process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the phd thesis writing services, appraisal. This is phd dissertation, also an often misunderstood aspect of writing, CMMI. SO. in of money, the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the model -- especially where an appraisal is concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in phd thesis writing services, the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to phd dissertation satisfy each goal. That's why the phd thesis services, practices are expected, but not required.
The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to achieve a goal. If an organization is thesis statement lesson, *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the same thing, therefore not every organization produces the services, same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of a process' practices are only informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is film, more content in the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for phd thesis writing an appraisal or the appraiser?
It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for phd dissertation the appraiser(s) to get up to phd thesis services speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to eecs be somewhat competent in the kind of work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and phd thesis writing services means of essays on wwi, modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. let's go the whole way. Writing Services! We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the film studies prospectus, expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is closely tied to our discussion above regarding the implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out services, there without being tied to everyday work) and descartes argument essay verbatim sub-practices, which starts to phd thesis writing services get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the context of the projects, and statement lesson verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?
A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?
How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the phd thesis writing services, time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the essays of money, kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and phd thesis services the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.
There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and essays on wwi all the while they were spending lots of writing services, time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and phd dissertation processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Statement Lesson! Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and phd thesis the meaning of commitment. Essays In King Lear! Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program.
And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in a position to give numbers. We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into services the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about thesis minimizing time or maximizing progress. Please see the writing, previous question.
Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to essays on wwi do it to get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in phd thesis writing services, their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Essays On Wwi! Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about writing software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. Eecs! It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of services, CMMI is v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and descartes argument essay v1.2, but a summary of major changes to the model (only) are as follows:
Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Hardware amplifications and phd thesis writing examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and phd dissertation Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. Phd Thesis Services! An explanation of how process areas support the implementation of GPs was added.
Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on essays on wwi projects at writing, their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to thesis statement the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by phd thesis writing services, removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from essays on wwi good to phd thesis services great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users.
In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and 5, and descartes cosmological essay as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and 5. Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to phd thesis services projects where there is no reason to limit the descartes cosmological essay, use of practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the writing services, concept of film studies dissertation, a project to writing services that of essays on edmund in king, work in CMMI-SVC. Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. In all three constellations now, the text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of repeated in each process area. This only means that in one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and services under it you'll see elaborations for each of the film prospectus, process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the CMMI Product Suite.
With each new version, there were changes to all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from writing services one of our readers. We love our readers!
How do we determine whether to use CMMI for eecs Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers! How do customers get from writing services us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is dissertation, outstanding, or, do we build something specific to a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on phd thesis a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for what we do?
Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for eecs phd dissertation now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the writing, answers to these questions make the answer to cosmological essay which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and phd thesis we'll be happy to help you think this through.
How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the CMMI are not being certified to eecs anything. So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to the difference between Maturity Levels and Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. Phd Thesis Writing Services! The really short answer on getting a level rating is essays, that you get appraised by services, an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is thesis statement lesson, so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.
So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. Writing! Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Essays On Wwi! Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.
Need an example? Think of it like getting into shape. The short answer is phd thesis writing services, diet and exercise. Brilliant. Wonderful. What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?
How do you work out disadvantages, so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the phd thesis writing services, idea that you need to get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in essays on edmund lear, the rating than the improvement. Phd Thesis Writing Services! That's OK. We understand. Essay! Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?
A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for writing ALMOST everyone who asks it. Eecs! Allright, so maybe you are the phd thesis services, exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Studies Prospectus! Lucky them. Phd Thesis! Applying a generous dose of statement, benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the services, way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the company is interested in the improvements vs. the rating is simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.
All-too-often, the source of the descartes argument, question is phd thesis writing services, less ignorance of the cosmological argument essay, process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the phd thesis writing services, process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in cosmological essay, the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is phd thesis writing, still in business for the money.
FAST. So, how long it takes is essays on wwi, a real question regardless of how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. Phd Thesis Writing! What we can do, however, is give you a list of the attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat.
How long will it take you to statement lesson lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!
How quickly a company can become rated to phd thesis services a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of thesis lesson, commitment, their tolerance for services and ability to implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in thesis statement, general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and how much of the organization they want to include in the rating. Working backwards from the writing, appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to of money incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and conducting the writing services, appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is fired and when they cross the lesson, finish line is phd thesis services, a simple matter of logistics. In King! Probably about a month if they're lucky. Phd Thesis! Two months would be more realistic.
These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and film studies prospectus prep-work necessary to plan and conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to an appraisal. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Obviously, this time frame would only be realistic if the company was completely ready for the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the state of cosmological essay, their process implementation was and phd thesis were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in their implementation of CMMI practices. Phd Dissertation! This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. Phd Thesis Writing Services! A trip to the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at thesis, the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the gap found by the analysis would need to be filled.
This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in phd thesis writing, v1.2 and thesis v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and Acquisition , and 24 for phd thesis Services . There are two ways to essays look at them. Writing Services! The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the essays on wwi, organization wanted appraised. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the services, weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an organization should give itself at descartes, least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the phd thesis writing services, larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal.
However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the essays of money, cycle-time of their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Phd Thesis! Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of moreso than the studies dissertation, clock. On the phd thesis writing services, fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the weight off and one is able to demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and phd dissertation other uncertainties.
Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to writing earn a rating is phd dissertation, a question such people stop asking. Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and writing feel like crap.
When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only studies prospectus, be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Otherwise, go and read the phd thesis writing, answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the essays on edmund, CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the phd thesis writing services, appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the appraisal. Cosmological! The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide.
Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of services, Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to statement lesson charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from your site to services do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.
The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into fewer days and cosmological essay longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. not many charge the writing, way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of this udpdate, were not known to us at the CMMIFAQ.info site.) Someone will also need to disadvantages of money provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by a Lead Appraiser, and best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to phd thesis do the essays on wwi, preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and then 1-3 weeks to perform the phd thesis writing, appraisal itself (depending on film the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team.
The minimum number of phd dissertation, people is 4 and that can include the Lead Appraiser. Phd Thesis! Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is best if the team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. Eecs Phd Dissertation! At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in phd thesis writing services, your company to be on the team, then you will need to bring in outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. Thesis Lesson! You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the date on phd thesis writing services the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. In King! Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of two things: (1) Look to hire an employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.
Which you choose to writing services do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of business and strategy. Argument Essay! Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. Writing! The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by them to eecs phd dissertation the providers of phd thesis writing services, such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.
Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and descartes cosmological call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. Phd Thesis! What they're really doing is simply separating the dissertation, time you're paying for doing certain things from the time you're paying for doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Not with the writing services, SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for them to simply charge you some amount for thesis lesson the time it takes them to put in writing, all the paperwork. Other General Costs.
As above, the essays of money, only other general costs associated with an appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and phd thesis as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to thesis statement lesson use the tool. That's OK.
Since you will end up using the phd thesis writing, tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for disadvantages using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for writing services their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and asking them to stand by their rates when you've asked them to essays on wwi leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. On the other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to the SEI/CMMI Institute!
And, you can do that by taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. Writing Services! At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:
This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is someone who really understands the descartes cosmological argument essay, CMMI and how to appraise for phd thesis services the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and reading it which is eecs, enough for very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to writing CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the eecs phd dissertation, practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an writing services ISO 9000 audit, you've won the eecs, Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of phd thesis writing, SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against thesis statement, a company's true understanding of writing, what CMMI is thesis lesson, about, how to implement it effectively, and how to phd thesis appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in studies prospectus, CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and the method you should follow is phd thesis services, one of disadvantages of money, process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by writing services, process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.
To be blunt (you're used to it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is essays on edmund lear, a STUPID way to implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to writing provide you with the value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is not advisable for the same reasons having an essays on wwi expert is best for performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an phd thesis writing services unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on thesis statement lesson the outcome of services, their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the phd dissertation, goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the job done and writing services are still in business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. Studies Dissertation Prospectus! there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to phd thesis writing make any of essays disadvantages, this work. First and foremost, improving performance must address the organizational psychology of the business. Phd Thesis Writing! If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on improvement.
If the organizational culture and statement lesson psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the phd thesis services, appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the in king, CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Writing! Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.
How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for studies prospectus v1.3 of the appraisal method. Phd Thesis Writing Services! Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. We're obviously limited in what we can explain here. We're going to film dissertation pick up the appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and phd thesis writing services they're looking at studies dissertation, your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). It's at the end of this period that a company gets the results of the appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at the appraisal: A team, lead by phd thesis, a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on that evidence regarding the thesis lesson, extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.
There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of specifying that evidence come from projects the term is writing, Basic Units. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is descartes essay, a function of the organization to services which the rating will apply. You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the eecs phd dissertation, best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the writing services, good-looking evidence from a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to thesis statement lesson not be Fully Implemented is worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the Process Area, and if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the appraisal works: it's a search for whether the organization is phd thesis services, satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in scope of the descartes argument, appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups.
Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on phd thesis writing Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of eecs, who the customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is phd thesis writing services, performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of essays on edmund in king lear, work: if there is more than one distinct type of work done in phd thesis writing, the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to eecs ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from writing each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration.
A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of a very few number of people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.
The placement of SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for cosmological essay Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to a target maturity level of 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in phd thesis services, the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to lesson become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Writing! Make sure your Lead Appraiser is qualified by asking them for this certification. (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!
ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to essays on wwi be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and writing services with your company's employees on cosmological the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to writing the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal.
There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to CMMI before going into film studies dissertation the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at services, the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. An observer is someone who is on edmund, not qualified to be on the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on writing services the appraisal team, but is hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and essays Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an appraisal, the requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to phd thesis later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the volume of thesis lesson, work being appraised and services several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the actual product or output of following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of studies dissertation prospectus, implementing a practice. It's fairly simple.
If, for phd thesis example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the practice. It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the essay, process or whether the artifact is a clear support to phd thesis writing services performing the work necessary to produce a work product. Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and essays on wwi it happens that working through the issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the practice says to keep track of changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and one could infer that there was some way to keep track of writing, them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. All of which are tangible.
Essentially interviews. Studies Prospectus! These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the writing services, work, and hopefully, performing the practices. Again, the mix of cosmological argument, artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on services how to apply the rules to studies dissertation your specific situation. The rules themselves are in phd thesis writing services, the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the entire company or only parts of it as determined by the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the essays of money, appraisal results to apply towards.
How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for phd thesis Development, the notion of what is appraised is eecs, no longer limited to projects. Writing Services! The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is used. Basic Unit is the essays on wwi, name applied by services, the CMMI appraisal method to essays the dimension of phd thesis writing, work performaned by an organization as evaluated in statement, an appraisal. In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Writing! Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the organization. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is in king, whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different).
Customer: if different customers are served by writing services, different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the customer is studies prospectus, or what they require. Size: if work is writing, performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of eecs phd dissertation, work done in writing services, the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of on edmund, systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at services, all the evidence for all the Process Areas in the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. There is essays on wwi, talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and phd thesis do a little more, and so on until you've completed the scope and then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the essays on wwi, results of phd thesis writing services, those appraisals to pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to essays on wwi the next level?
A: Yes. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. Phd Thesis Writing Services! One reason is that at this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and of money Lead Appraiser can't be expected to services assume that there would be evidence from the phd dissertation, lower levels to support the higher levels' activities. Services! Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and is, in fact, one long appraisal.
The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is essays on edmund in king lear, 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by the SEI. What is the difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to the level of rigor, and, as reflection of the level of phd thesis writing services, rigor, to what the outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to essays on wwi all people certified to perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Phd Thesis! Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.
You can search/sort a list of such people here, and, specifically limit your search to lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. Essays On Edmund! The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the writing services, authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and Pick one who you feel can understand your business and your needs; your context . Film Studies Dissertation Prospectus! WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for how a given implementation can be done, and also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.
It takes skill to effectively interpret the model and implement it in a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer! There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only listed with the name they had when the appraisal was performed. Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on services this FAQ here) of the appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is essays on wwi, not small). A company may be listed, but the organizational unit in the listing may not be the same as the one you're looking for.
Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Do not take for granted that the phd thesis, organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the eecs, one appearing in the system. Once all the appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in writing services, the PARS. Of Money! Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the phd thesis services, results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of disadvantages, appraisals (through and phd thesis services including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Eecs Phd Dissertation! Furthermore, in phd thesis writing, v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in place to distinguish important characteristics of the dissertation, organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from one part of the operation to another. As such, the only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.
What's the official record of the writing services, appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the essays disadvantages of money, sole and entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in phd thesis writing services, the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to essays disadvantages be found framed and on the wall at phd thesis services, a company, or printed on a large banner and hung from essays lear a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the phd thesis writing services, results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of essays in king lear, avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and writing unlikely anything to thesis be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the writing services, explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to film studies dissertation what scope, they should request to phd thesis services see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for film dissertation prospectus Development , for example) is writing, that the eecs, organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of phd thesis writing, each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in film studies dissertation prospectus, the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to writing get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of eecs, transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to some new present state of practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.
Q: Can my organize go directly to a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about services time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. Statement Lesson! It's a model for building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the life cycle. This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by phd thesis services, the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only disadvantages, related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to phd thesis writing services *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).
CMMI is essays on wwi, not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. Phd Thesis Writing! CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and essays on wwi is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model?
A: NO! CMMI is not about writing development life cycles. While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the contributors come from cosmological essay a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at least careful not to box anyone into following a specific development method. Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the phd thesis writing, CMMI to descartes cosmological implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on phd thesis writing this, so check back in a bit. Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?)
A: While there is considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from one (or both) of statement lesson, two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and phd thesis writing not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Essays On Edmund In King Lear! Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.
And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. Phd Thesis Writing Services! We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services. CMMI is descartes essay, not about the phd thesis, technical processes needed to actually do the developing and delivering.
The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to descartes cosmological argument be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the writing, things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is dissertation prospectus, saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to phd thesis services plan, monitor and eecs control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to phd thesis services whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an organization-wide training program and eecs a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to phd thesis writing services fend for themselves. For the true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. Thesis Statement! CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for doing it, a plan for it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is phd thesis services, what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in case they weren't familiar to you.)
You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for disadvantages technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into writing services its purpose and goals in light of the argument, above understanding we will see that the services, purpose and goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. We can hope that in this context, the matter of whether CMMI is a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and eecs phd dissertation ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and writing relevant for the purpose they each represent. Since this isn't a FAQ about ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for now to essays of money explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about implementing any practice under the sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in services, CMMI. Aren't CMMI and film prospectus Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at phd thesis writing services, all. Dissertation! We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of phd thesis writing services, being very redundant by essays on wwi, putting something here, please check out the blog on phd thesis services that topic, and the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and essays on wwi SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Phd Thesis! Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be.
See, many people think that because the film prospectus, Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. Phd Thesis Services! But, in descartes cosmological essay, actually, the connection to CMMI is rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the phd thesis services, SEI? A: CMMI and its predecessors have been worked on by SEI for cosmological argument essay over 25 years. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).
The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is services, still an FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for thesis statement SEI to continue research development (RD) on CMMI, some of the phd thesis writing services, support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and essays on wwi a few other things, eventually). CMMI Institute will be able to phd thesis services evolve CMMI in essays on wwi, directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to phd thesis services be more market-focused and industry-driven.
Research will continue, but the research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and thesis SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to be supported by CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and writing services its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to essays on wwi appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the SEI. We can also expect changes (improvements) in the variety of appraisals, the quality/qualifications of instructors and phd thesis services appraisers and film even possible new designations for phd thesis appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the disadvantages, Future of CMMI?
A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of CMMI and the appraisal methods.
Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and appraisals suited specifically to their business and without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of writing services, things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per thesis statement lesson their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per phd thesis writing the version of the phd dissertation, appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and deployed in phd thesis writing services, a manner consistent with the needs of the market and ordinary refresh and release processes. It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the eecs phd dissertation, backing of CMMI and the appraisals has been and will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI?
A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and phd thesis services conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for other events and conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the dissertation prospectus, public discourse and phd thesis writing use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. Disadvantages Of Money! CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of phd thesis, sponsoring and disadvantages of money supporting CMMI events and conferences. Writing! While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in good standing will be offered the lesson, opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. Phd Thesis Writing! In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the film dissertation, licenses are between the services, Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to references to SEI and website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the eecs, relationship between you and your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for writing the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. but as far as the SEI goes, they're just, in thesis lesson, effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in services, all this. You see, the dissertation prospectus, DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to services come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of software projects.
The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the phd dissertation, contract for a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of phd thesis writing services, Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the disadvantages of money, problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for phd thesis improving the quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of descartes cosmological essay, M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. Writing! As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. Statement Lesson! SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the field and body of phd thesis writing, knowledge for of money software management and phd thesis services engineering. Statement! That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of writing, other process, engineering and management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. Dissertation! The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to phd thesis writing grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal.
What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and lear tools. Services! Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the essays disadvantages, list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of writing, ability to absorb overhead, if we want to be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. Of Money! As CMMI adoption and exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of phd thesis writing, smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of eecs, whether or not there are actual *best* practices is out of scope for phd thesis services this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?
A: Not all of thesis lesson, them. In fact, only writing, a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to take leadership roles and responsibilities for leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. Essays On Edmund In King Lear! The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.
In 2006, the name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the phd thesis writing, SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to thesis lesson using CMMI. Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the phd thesis writing services, term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to essays on wwi hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is phd thesis, properly supported. All authorized and licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an inquiry to essays on wwi the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is services, here, there you can also see other information on expectations and essays on wwi how to report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for Ethics and services Compliance concerns is: firstname.lastname@example.org.
We sincerely hope you never have to lesson use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to services be able to use SEI intellectual property and to film studies register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by taking the licensed Introduction to phd thesis services CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and essays on wwi other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an organization is rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of writing, communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the disadvantages of money, next class, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. Phd Thesis Services! (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI?
A: That depends on what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. Eecs! An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the phd thesis writing, CMMI, read it, and start to on edmund in king implement it. SEI and CMMI Institute require no training to do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to phd thesis services explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to eecs phd dissertation make a world of phd thesis writing services, difference between success and descartes argument disillusionment. (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on writing services a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to CMMI course. Then, in studies prospectus, preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to writing the appraisal -- but this is part of the appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. To be an film prospectus Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the services, course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for Services has additional requirements for thesis statement becoming an instructor.
High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to phd thesis deliver -- if the expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. Eecs! If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of Completion, or, if there is no intention of writing, using the training as a pre-requisite to argument future activities, the training is phd thesis writing, not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the expected outcome.
There are several accounts of companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:
Introduction to disadvantages CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the phd thesis, appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to on edmund in king learn about the appraisal process, and one of them is not recommended, and phd thesis writing another requires a lot of commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Go through all the training requirements of film studies dissertation prospectus, becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and writing GP 2.9?
A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to descartes essay people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the process. And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the writing, title of the practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the eecs, process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to phd thesis writing GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the plan for descartes cosmological argument performing the process with the phd thesis services, process for performing the process. Eecs Phd Dissertation! The plan addresses the phd thesis services, resources, timing, tasks, and so forth, for seeing that the process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.
The plan is eecs phd dissertation, merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and not only writing services, about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in dissertation prospectus, or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the phd thesis, plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the essays disadvantages of money, process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the project. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the services, expected resources, etc. And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and disadvantages of money procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. Writing! An organization may execute a process according to cosmological argument essay its plan, but do so in phd thesis writing services, a way entirely not according to essays on wwi the process (even in a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.
Hence, the writing services, distinct activities of checking that the process was done *both* according to plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to Gino Tudor for cosmological essay asking this question! Why is phd thesis services, Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the thesis statement, answer on phd thesis services this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in PMC but that doesn't seem to essays disadvantages meet the institutionalization. Would the services, OPF and OPD SPs also need to dissertation be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is phd thesis, process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of essays on wwi, process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Services! Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.
All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and eecs phd dissertation do not express a position on phd thesis the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an thesis endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by services, the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the essays of money, SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.
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Logistics Grads Suit Up for the Future. December 15, 2013 | Justine Brown. Universities and corporations are working together to arm logistics graduates with the skills they need to move from the classroom to the conference room. With global trade likely to phd thesis writing rise more than threefold to $27 trillion by 2030, logistics professionals are in high demand, according to Winning the Talent Race , a report by professional services firm PwC. In fact, the U.S. Disadvantages Of Money. logistics sector is expected to create more than one million job openings between 2013 and 2016, according to phd thesis the U.S. Essays Disadvantages. Department of writing Labor. Yet a significant gap exists between the skills logistics companies need, and those today's college graduates bring to the table. The success of companies such as Walmart demonstrates the growing importance of descartes cosmological argument supply chain and logistics, but education has not kept up with this shift, says Raymond Boykin, Ph.D., a member of Prince George, Va.-based Commonwealth Center for Advanced Logistics Systems (CCALS). Writing. Many schools aren't educating students about the importance of logistics in today's global economy. Many employees in the transport sector have medium or low qualification levels, according to the PwC report, and the sector's need for better-educated workers is increasing.
Ensuring enough skilled candidates are availablealong with suitable advancement options for talented staffwon't be easy, but it is critical to future success, says the report. Descartes Argument Essay. More training and learning opportunities in the transportation and logistics sector are needed. Such programs could help increase the available labor pool. But generating more skilled workers is writing services, not solely an essays in king, education issue. Schools and industry need to work together to make a difference, says John Taylor, associate professor and chair of the department of marketing and supply chain management at Wayne State University's School of services Business Administration in eecs, Detroit.
Educational institutions can't do it alone. They need to phd thesis services work closely with businesses to understand their issues and needs. Building the new logistics workforce is truly a team effort. Companies, schools, governments, and nonprofits must do more to dissertation identify, recruit, train, and writing employ skilled workers, says Dr. Sime Curkovic, professor of supply chain management at Western Michigan University (WMU) in Kalamazoo, and disadvantages of money the director of the services, integrated supply management program. Manufacturers who reach out to local high schools, vocational schools, community colleges, and universities help build relationships with school leaders and instructors, Curkovic adds. This outreach also helps companies shape training programs to ensure they teach relevant skills to essays on wwi future workers. An array of services collaborative logistics education programsinvolving public schools, universities, government agencies, and corporationsalready exists in the United States. For example, Purdue University in West Lafayette, Ind., and Ivy Tech Community College in Carmel, Ind., recently received nearly $900,000 in grants to address the skills gap and eecs technical demands in Indiana's supply chain, logistics, and phd thesis writing services manufacturing operations workforce.
Through the project, the schools will provide a diverse population of eecs college students with a direct pathway for earning both their associate's and bachelor's degrees in the field of phd thesis writing technology-based logistics. The grants will also fund projects such as working directly with Indiana's K-12 schools to inform students about educational and career opportunities in logistics; developing curricula for Ivy Tech and Purdue; and statement lesson implementing an outreach and recruitment program to encourage Ivy Tech associate's degree students to continue their education. Other universities are focusing on introducing project-based work and phd thesis internship opportunities specifically aimed at essays on wwi providing students with real-world logistics experiences. At WMU, several corporations provide students with hands-on lean manufacturing projects for phd thesis writing coursework and training. The university has been working closely with industry for five years, and students have completed more than 100 projects. For example, John Deere is pursuing a division-wide Build-To-Demand order fulfillment initiative, and will use a group of WMU students to measure the Manufacturing Critical-path Time. The partnership with industry came about because WMU met with businesses, and saw the essays of money, demand, says Curkovic. Kalamazoo is phd thesis services, not a huge geographic area, but it is surrounded by studies, many companies that recruit heavily from our supply chain program. The industry representatives want to ensure that students graduate with an understanding of phd thesis writing services key logistics challenges, and are prepared to begin work at a company knowing how to do things better, faster, and essays disadvantages cheaper. We created a process management class, and have taken on more industry projects, Curkovic adds.
We are no longer just talking about phd thesis services these concepts in the classroomwe are applying them in the workplace. One WMU project involved Portage, Mich.-based Mann-Hummel USA, an original equipment supplier to film studies prospectus the international automotive and mechanical engineering industries. The company was experiencing huge growth, and writing running out of material storage space at its Portage production facility. To manage this growth, Mann-Hummel was using an eecs, off-site warehousing strategy incorporating just-in-time Lean methods such as kitting, kanban, and regular milk runs to services bring materials to lesson the plant. This strategy was working well for the company, but it offered room for improvement. A group of WMU students, led by Curkovic, collaborated with Mann-Hummel to define a set of plastic hand totes that could be employed to store 250-plus raw materials the company uses in services, production. The project included measuring repackaging times and costs, determining which hand totes worked best for each raw material, and obtaining a quote from a product manufacturer for essays in king the estimated number of containers necessary to writing implement the hand tote system. Most students don't have work experience to include on their resume when they graduate, but collaborative projects open doors for them to gain that experience, says Curkovic.
And many companies evaluate students as potential future employees. Another WMU project involved Battle Creek, Mich.-based food manufacturer Kellogg's Direct Store Delivery (DSD) Solution Center, a facility that assists with supply chain process issues. The solution center's analysts mainly focus on solving day-to-day issues with the delivery of Kellogg's snack products. It is a sector of the company that is vital as Kellogg's continues to acquire more business. Delivery refusals, driver delays, and on edmund in king lear order status are frequent problems that DSD Solution Center analysts must resolve. The WMU team was asked to find opportunities for process improvement, and time and cost savings. After some research and hands-on experience in the solution center, the WMU team identified both simple and phd thesis complex solutions, including a new call center phone system, a truck driver instruction sheet, additional staff, integrated information database systems, and eliminating static routes. Building Beneficial Relationships. Wayne State University's School of eecs phd dissertation Business Administration is writing services, currently collaborating with Detroit automaker General Motors to essays disadvantages introduce students to the issues and phd thesis writing services challenges involved in producing vehicles.
For the Wayne State University/General Motors Supply Chain Case Competitionwhich recently completed its third yearbusiness students from across the country came to film studies dissertation Detroit for an in-depth look at the supply chain systems that support the automotive industry. The students examined topics such as component purchasing strategy, global vs. domestic sourcing, risk management, and battery production locations. The competition presents an opportunity to showcase Southeast Michigan's automotive industry and supply chain management careers, as well as provide students an outstanding real-world educational experience, says Taylor. Additionally, students were able to interview with automotive companies, and participate in several panel sessions on supply chain careers. The auto industry has a huge need for students, he adds.
We have to make sure we are getting the best students in front of industry leaders to phd thesis services ensure those matches happen. At Ohio State University in Columbus, the Fisher College of lesson Business works with several companies as part of its supply chain management program. The college hosts both a global supply chain forumwhich consists of 12 companies that help guide research and curriculumand the Center for Operational Excellence, which has 38 member companies and is instrumental in shaping the school's supply chain curriculum. The college also operates a successful internship program. We seek industry guidance in devising our curriculum and executing our programs, says Dr. Thomas J. Goldsby, professor of logistics at Ohio State University. We plug in to industry any way we can, whether it's inviting guest speakers to campus or through class projects. These experiences allow students to learn about business and the real logistics challenges companies face. Logistics academics naturally focus more on the real problems businesses are trying to address than educators in other industries do.
We are fortunate to be in a field that has a good working relationship with industry, Goldsby says. Businesses are interested in our curriculum and the research we do on writing services, campus, and cosmological argument they want to be part of both. Other types of organizations are also working to bridge the talent gap between logistics companies and educational institutions. CCALS, for example, is a collaborative effort between business, government, and several Virginia universities. Formed in December 2012, CCALS strives to improve the technological, mechanical, and human factors that enable logistics.
Several companies and government entities bring their supply chain challenges to CCALS, share the costs associated with lab testing, then own the solution. Our goal is to work together on solving industry issues such as supply chain risk and disruption, distribution and transportation networks, and logistics security and phd thesis writing information technology systems, says Boykin. Essays On Wwi. But we also seek to services develop talent, so when a participating company needs employees with specific skill sets, they know where to essays on wwi find them. CCALS brings universities and companies together, he adds. The companies inform the universities as to what skill sets they need from graduates, and the universities adjust to phd thesis meet those needs. Another organization working to bridge the logistics talent gap is the Transportation Club of Atlanta, which recently launched a program to provide paid internships for students majoring in logistics at Clayton State, Georgia Southern, Georgia Tech, or Kennesaw State. Cosmological Argument Essay. Companies including Unisource, Coca-Cola, Home Depot, and Rubbermaid have signed on to participate in the summer 2014 program. Employment is writing, one of the biggest problems in Georgia, notes Jeremy Estep, president of the disadvantages, Transportation Club of phd thesis writing Atlanta. Many organizations want to hire students, but don't have the essay, resources to go out to the universities to recruit.
Our goal is to act as an intermediary, and facilitate that process. The program is phd thesis writing services, a win-win, Estep notes. The companies win because they get transportation, logistics, and supply chain interns who want to be in this industry, he says. Companies are exposed to up-and-coming talent, and can identify students with management potential, perhaps saving the expense of formally hiring someone who wouldn't have worked out. Logistics students win because they gain real-world industry experience, Estep adds. When these students graduate, they will be a hot commodity because they have both education and statement experience. Another aspect vital to the future of logistics is raising the sector's profile in phd thesis, the education system. Many students are not aware of logistics and its potential as a career field, because many high school level career development programs do not include logistics and eecs phd dissertation transportation. Part of WMU's program involves outreach to local high schools.
We introduce junior high and high school students to supply chain management through some classroom exercises, says Curkovic. CCALS offers a dual-enrollment program in phd thesis writing services, which high school and thesis lesson community college students can take, and receive credit for, Virginia State logistics courses. We partner with four community colleges and six high schools, helping them integrate logistics education early by offering dual enrollment, says Boykin. Phd Thesis. It is important to introduce students to essays lear logistics before college, because by that point, many have already decided where they will focus their studies. On the other end of the spectrum, several universities are investing in continuing education and/or graduate programs to help logistics professionals keep up with changing industry demands. For example, WMU recently launched an phd thesis writing, executive education program in which industry managers team with faculty, alumni, and current students to help solve real-world logistics challenges. In some cases, the university is finding this model financially beneficial. We ask logistics managers about their challenges, and whether we can help with specific projects, says Curkovic. The executive education projects have gone so well, some managers are willing to pay us with some of the cost savings we generate for essays on wwi them. We then use that revenue to build up more projects, sponsor student scholarships, or hire more faculty. Industry professionals often teach executive education and graduate-level logistics courses, allowing for further cross-pollination.
The logistics and phd thesis services supply chain sector gained a head start over other industries because collaboration is ingrained in it, says Carole Bennett, M.B.A. director of descartes program development and marketing at phd thesis writing services the Georgia Tech Supply Chain and Logistics Institute in Atlanta. For example, professionals from Florence, Ky.-based logistics provider LeanCor teach the institute's professional certificate series classes. Schools with a tradition of working with industry will be better at producing students with the skill sets needed in the future, Bennett notes. Many universities and businesses claim the general population lacks awareness about essays on edmund lear logistics and how it touches every part of writing our lives. Corporate sourcing controversies, global supply chain disruptions, and well-known companies such as Walmart that thrive because they have mastered supply chain operations are raising awareness. The demand for logistics knowledge is enormous, because it will become a competitive advantage, says Boykin.
Many manufacturing companies are trying to cut costs anywhere and descartes cosmological essay everywhere they can, and they are beginning to see logistics and phd thesis services distribution as a source of low-hanging fruit. Supply chain students can help them identify those opportunities, he explains. Studies Dissertation. Putting students to writing services work in real-life logistics scenarios enables them to respond to industry needs and help identify solutions. By working together, education, industry, and eecs other partners may help bridge the gap between what logistics companies need and the skills today's college graduates bring to the table. Writing. Building relationships with school leaders and instructors allows companies to help shape the logistics workforce of tomorrow.